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This is a list of verbal terms that are commonly used in a Karate Dojo,with their translations.

Japanese

English

Rei

Bow

Somen-Ni-Rei

Bow to the Front

Sen-Sani-Rei

Bow to Teacher

Sem-Pani-Rei

Bow to Senior

Oto-Gaini-Rei

Bow to Each Other

Yoi

Ready

Hajime

Begin

Yame

Stop

Mawate

Turn

Naote

Relax

Gidan Bori Kamai

Step into ready position

Sensei

Teacher

Sempai

Senior

Makiwara

Punching Board

Kime

Focus

Henmi

45 Degree Angle

Chi

Inner Strength

Oss

I acknowledge

Kihon

Basics

Kamai

Fighting Guard Up

Dojo

Place of Training

Ippon

One Full Point

Wazari

Half Point

Keri-Waza

Kicking Techniques

Kiai

Shout of Spirit

Koshi

Ball of Foot

Ma-A

Distancing

Nage-Waza

Throwing Techniques

Seiken

Fore Fist

Waza

Technique

Zanshin

Perfect Focused Finish

Zuki-Waza

Punching Techniques

Suki

Opening

Uchi-Waza

Striking Techniques

Gyaku

Reverse

Ushiro

Behind

Jodan

Head Height

Chudan

Mid Section Height

Geidan

Groin Height

Now some basic counting.....

Japanese

English

Ichi

One

Ni

Two

San

Three

Shi

Four

Go

Five

Roku

Six

Shichi

Seven

Hachi

Eight

Ku

Nine

Ju

Ten

Stances (Dachi) .....


Japanese

English

Hachiji-Dachi

Open Leg Natural Stance

Zenkutsu-Dachi

Forward Stance

Heisoku-Dachi

Informal Attention Stance

Sanchin-Dachi

Hourglass Stance

Sochin-Dachi

Diagonal Straddle Stance

Kokutsu-Dachi

Back Stance

Kiba-Dachi

Straddle Stance

Neko-Ashi-Dachi

Cat Stance

Strikes (Uchi).....

Japanese

English

Empi-Uchi

Elbow Strike

Uraken-Uchi

Back Fist Strike

Tettsui-Uchi

Hammer Fist Strike

Haito-Uchi

Ridge Hand Strike

Teisho-Uchi

Palm  Heel Strike

Nukite

Finger Thrust

Shuto-Uchi

Knife Hand Strike

Punches (Zuki).....

Japanese

English

Choku-Zuki

Straight Punch

Gyaku-Zuki

Reverse Punch

Oi-Zuki

Lunge Punch

Ura-Zuki

Close Punch

Yama-Zuki

U Punch

Kesame-Zuki

Jab Punch

Blocks (Uke).....

Japanese

English

Age-Uke

Rising Block

Soto-Uke

Outside Forearm Block

Gidan-Barai

Downward Sweep Block

Juji-Uke

X Block

Nagashi-Uke

Sweeping Block

Uchi-Uke

Inside Forearm Block

Shuto-Uke

Knife Hand Block

Marote-Uke

Augmented Forearm Block

Kicks (Geri).....

Japanese

English

Ren-Geri

Front double Kick (front foot 1st)

Mae-Geri

Front Kick

Ushiro-Geri

Back Kick

Yoko-Geri-Keage

Side Snap Kick

Yoko-Geri-Kekomi

Side Thrust Kick

Mawashi-Geri

Roundhouse Kick

Fumakomi

Stamp Kick

Mikazuki-Geri

Crescent Kick

Ushiro-Mawashi-Geri

Backward Roundhouse Kick

Nidan-Geri

Front double Kick (back foot 1st)


Sparring (Kumite).....

Japanese

English

Go-Hon Kumite

5 Step Sparring

San-Bon Kumite

3 Step Sparring

Kihon-Ippon-Kumite

Basic 1 Step Sparring

Jiyu-Ippon-Kumite

Semi-Free 1 Step Sparring

Jiyu-Kumite

Free Sparring

Ippon-Shobu-Hajime

One Point Bout Begin

Sambon-Shobu-Hajime

Three Point Bout Begin

Jikan

Take Time

Aiuchi

Exchange of Blows

Jogai

Crossing external Boundary

Atoshi-Baraku

Bout has 30 Seconds Remaining

Fukushin-Shugo

Calling Judges Together

Motono-Ichi

Return to Starting Line

Tsu-Zu-Kete-Hajime

Continue with Bout

Tori-Masen

No Point Awarded

 

Misc Techniques.....

Japanese

English

Ashi-Barai

Ankle Sweep

 


Japanese Language
Learning even a little Japanese is a worthwhile endeavor. At the very least you should make an effort to learn Hiragana and Katakana, the two most commonly used character sets. Katakana is especially useful because it is used exclusively for writing foreign words (usually English). Once you've memorized the Katakana characters reading is just a matter of sounding out the syllables and trying to figure out what English word is being interpreted. 
The following won't make you fluent in Japanese, but you'll be able to say "please" & "thank you" with absolute confidence.
Even if your Japanese is less than perfect, you can make up for many deficiencies by using the English versions of the many phrases -- frequently and with sincerity. The Japanese place a great store on politeness, in any language, and will respond to your efforts in kind.
Finally, if some words sound familiar, it's because they are. Many English words have been adopted into the Japanese language. 


General Pronunciation Guide

A

as in father

I

as in machine

E

as in yes

O

as in go

U

as in put

Long vowels are generally indicated by a rule over the vowel or double vowels (ii).
Consonants are generally pronounced as in English; the differences are subtle, and not easily explained. 
Finally, all letters in a word are pronounced. At first, it feel awkward (and you'll notice that native speakers tend to omit final sounds), but soon the words will flow
.

 


Basic Words and Phrases

 

Japanese Word/Phrase

English Translation

 

GREETINGS

o-hayou gozai masu

Good morning

konnichiwa

Good afternoon

konban wa

Good evening

 

THANK YOU

domo arigatou

Thank You

domo arigatou gozai mashita

Thank you very much

domo

Thanks (informal)

domo go-shinsetsu ni

Thank you for your kindness

dou itashi mashite

Reply: It's a pleasure

 

APOLOGIES

sumi masen OR go-men nasai

Sorry

hontouni sumi masen

I'm very sorry

 

Basic Phrases

Anata

You

Dozo

Please

Eigo

English language

Eigo ga wakarimasu ka?

Do you understand English?

Gomen Nasai

Pardon me

Hai

Yes

Hai, wakarimasu

Yes, I understand.

Lie

No

Lie, wakarimasen

No, I don't understand.

Konban Wa

Good Evening

Konnichi Wa

Good Afternoon

Kudasai

Please

Moshi Moshi

Hello (greeting on telephone or upon entering a room)

Nanji desu ka?

What time is it?

Nihongo

Japanese Language

Ohayo gozaimasu

Good Morning (until about 10 a.m.)

Sayonara

Goodbye

Sumimasen

Excuse me

Toire wa doko ni arimasu ka?

Where is the toilet?

Watakushi

I (most commonly used version)

 

karate-do
Months/Days of the Week
Japanese Word/Phrase

English Translation

 

Ichi-gatsu

January

Ni-gatsu

February

San-gatsu

March

Shi-gatsu

April

Go-gatsu

May

Roku-gatsu

June

Shichi-gatsu

July

Hachi-gatsu

August

Ku-gatsu

September

Juu-gatsu

October

Juuichi-gatsu

November

Juuni-gatsu

December

Nichiyobi

Sunday

Getsuyoobi

Monday

Kayoobi

Tuesday

Suiyoobi

Wednesday

Mokuyoobi

Thursday

Kin-yoobi

Friday

Doyoobi

Saturday

Heijitsu

Weekday

Shumatsu

Weekend

Kita

North

Minami

South

Higashi

East

Nishi

West

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